We are pleased to present you our Vietnam Legal and Tax Update for March 2016. In this edition, we highlight the guidelines on 2015 Personal Income Tax Finalization.
On 02 March 2016, the General Department of Tax has issued Official Letter No. 801/TCT-TNCN providing guidelines on 2015 Personal Income Tax (“PIT”) finalization.
Individual subject to PIT Finalization
The individual tax residents having incomes from wages and salary duing the year shall be required to perform the PIT finalization at year-end in case where they have outstanding PIT obligation or request for tax refund/offset as a result of the finalization with 3 exceptional cases.
Authorization of PIT Finalization
The regulation on authorization of PIT finalization is generally the same as last year. However, in accordance with this OL 801, in case the employee being transferred to new employer as a result of restructuring (such as division, seperation, merger, acquistion or transformation) or being transferred between the organizations within the same system (such as among the group, holding company, between parent and subsidiary company, head office and its’ branch), then the employee could still authorize the new employer to handle the PIT finalization on his/her behalf.
Determination of PIT liability
From 2015, according to new Circular 92/2015/TT-BTC on amendment of Circular 111/2013/TT-BTC providing guidelines on PIT, the taxable income shall have some noteble changes as follows:
- In cases where the employer provides housing benefit together with payment for electricity, water and other attached utilities (if any), all of these benefits shall be included into taxable income of the employee but not exceeding 15% of total taxable income (excluding the rental, electricity, water and other attached utilities).
- The following items are non-taxable: non-compulsory insurance premiums of the insurance with no accumulated premium (including insurance provided by foreign insurance companies, not established and operating under Vietnamese laws, but permissible to provide the products in Vietnam); transportation from home to work place which is in accordance with the company policy (the provision on taxability in case where the benefit is provided for individual use has been removed); wedding and funeral allowances for employees and their family as per the employer’s policy and in accordance with CIT regulations.
Procedures for self-declared PIT Finalization
This note is for those employees who do not authorize the Company for PIT Finalization. In case there is outstanding PIT payable after calculation of final PIT liability, then the individual shall be required to submit the PIT finalization dossier and make payment of this outstanding amount to the tax authority on or before the deadline. In case of tax refundable, the individuals do not have to submit the finalization dossier unless they have request to get the refund (in which case late submission of PIT finalization/refund dossier would not be subject to administrative penalty).
The deadline for submission of 2015 PIT Finalization is the 90th from the year-end.
PIT finalization of foreign tax residents
Regarding the foreign tax residents who are citizens of countries or territories which have signed Double Tax Agreement with Vietnam, then their PIT obligations in Vietnam shall only be calculated from first month of arrival in Vietnam to the last month of their labour contract and leaving Vietnam (calculated on a month-full basis). Family relief shall be applied according to the number months of the tax period.
For foreigners terminate labour contract and leave Vietnam, they are required to perform tax finalization before the date of departure. In case the individuals could not meet the deadline, they could authorize for the employer or other organization, individual to handle the PIT finalization on their behalves no later than the 45th day from the date of departure.